Road Millage Renewal 2025-2034
The city is nearing completion of the current 10-year road millage (2015-2024). This program has funded improvements on most of the city's local, residential streets.
In November 2023, voters approved the ballot proposal to renew the road millage for another ten years (2025-2034), and restore the full millage rate of 2.5-mill with a primary focus on major roads. In addition to major road improvements, funding will be set aside each year to continue maintenance work on local roads and sidewalks.
Road Millage Renewal Information
How much does it cost?
2.5 mill equals $2.50 for every $1000 in property tax value of your home. For example, a home with a taxable value of $100,000 would pay $250 for the road millage portion of your taxes each year. Scroll down to use our millage calculator to estimate your contribution.
How much will it generate?
What roads will be improved and when?
A preliminary schedule for major road improvements is mapped at the following link. The schedule was outlined based partly on geography, attempting to keep roadwork spaced apart to avoid significant congestion in one area. The city also used PASER ratings to help determine the priority of streets.
Click the map thumbnail to view a GIS map of the preliminary schedule for the road millage renewal (subject to change)
What work will be performed?
The major road projects are primarily asphalt resurfacing improvements, and the city would seek to incorporate green infrastructure where feasible. Roads that have been recently improved are also shown on the linked map above, and these roads would continue to be joint sealed to extend their pavement life.
The city also plans to continue maintenance and upgrades on local roads and to perform sidewalk ramp upgrades throughout the city to ensure ADA-compliant ramps. Once the current 6-year sidewalk program is complete in 2026, the city would also plan to use the millage funds to continue cyclical sidewalk maintenance repairs throughout the city for the remaining years of the millage.
How does the city currently fund major road projects?
Our current plan for major roads is based on the following types of funding:
Act 51 funding (guaranteed)
Act 51 funding is distributed to all communities in Michigan and is funded through vehicle registration fees and fuel taxes. This funding is used for snowplowing, pothole patching, traffic control and traffic signal maintenance. The city budgets a portion of the funding, roughly $2.5 million per year, for capital improvements on roads. Royal Oak does not use property tax revenue or any other general revenue for major road improvements.
Transportation Improvement Program funding (competitive)
The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is used to provide federal funding of road infrastructure improvement projects. Royal Oak is part of the Oakland County Federal Aid Committee (OCFAC), which administers the TIP program for communities in our region.
In 2018, OCFAC changed the initial allotment for grant distribution, setting aside nearly 70% of available TIP funds to the Road Commission for Oakland County (RCOC), leaving little for local municipalities. Royal Oak continues to aggressively pursue these grants, and has been able to win funding for roughly 1 to 1.5 miles of road work each year for 2023 through 2027. That said, many of our major roads have lower traffic volumes which would never score high enough to win the competitive federal grant funding. Using the city’s major road fund is likely the only way to improve these types of roads (Catalpa, Normandy, Fourth Street, etc.)
Based on Act 51 revenues and typical maintenance expenditures each year, the city can rely on approximately $2.5 million to be available per year for major road projects using only the city’s Act 51 funding. While this may seem like a large amount, it typically can only cover one mile of major road work per year.